Journal of Sociology University of Chitral en-US Journal of Sociology 2664-2034 OCCUPATIONAL SHIFT AMONGST FISHERMEN; A CASE STUDY OF FISHING COMMUNITY IN DISTRICT LARKANA <p>Fishing is considered as one of the primary sources of acquiring food since time immemorial. In general, Aquaculture is a production technology with its origins in Egypt and China which dates back to thousands of years. However, a significant change at global level took place as better control over the production process enabled a number of new technologies and production practices to develop since 1970s. Small-Scale fisheries currently face critical changes, socio economic development, and vulnerability to natural and human disturbance. The paper focuses on the small scale geographically based, single occupation fishing communities of district Larkana. The study was conducted over a period of two months field world through Descriptive research methodology. Due to lack of availability of sampling frame, non-probability-Purposive sampling was used. The method for data collection was in-depth interviews. One of the major reasons behind occupational abandoning amongst fishermen, is lack of Understanding the interdependency between these subsystems, particularly with regard to the socially implication on fishing communities has remained largely ignored. Apart from these, several other sources of pollution such as efflux of municipal wastes and burning effluent are also affecting the river condition exerting a synergistic effect on the process of ecological degradation. The results reflect that the social vulnerability of the fishing community to these pressures potentially diminishes the livelihoods, food security wellbeing and traditional lifestyles of coastal communities and cultures. Small scale fishing communities undergo a constant change, and they adapt with the environmental changes alongside; one of the major implicational is occupational shift. Thus, the findings of the study could be used as a dynamic contribution in devising the policy and suitable action plan of action to combat the impacts of climate change by minimizing the vulnerability of the natural ecology and the fishing community.</p> Mahwish Zeeshan Gul Ahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 3 1 1 15 SOCIAL INEQUALITIES, MENTAL HEALTH, AND SUICIDALITY <p>This article is a theoretical debate over social inequalities and its role in mental illness which paves way to suicide and related behaviors. 18 sources have been sampled in order to judge association among the mentioned variables whereby numerous databases were searched for it through Keywords. It is concluded that social inequalities are responsible for mental illness such deprivation, lack of access to facilities, negation etc. This in turn leads to stress, anxiety and depression which paves way for suicide and related behaviors.</p> Ibrash Pasha Kinan Pasha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 3 1 16 22 Race and Ethnicity: Sociological Theories and Social Disintegration in Pakistan <p><em>Race and ethnicity are sociologically important concept. Race and ethnicity are universal and relative. This article provides a theoretical insight to race and ethnicity in terms of its social significance. The article is review based and the major purpose is to accumulate the theories on race and ethnicity. The theories are applied to the situation of race and ethnic divide in Pakistan. Peer reviewed research from Pakistan is also cited, and suggestions in terms of theoretical guidelines for further research and suggestions for future research are provided. </em></p> Nasar Khan Arab Naz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 3 1 23 31 RELATIONSHIPS OF EMPOWERED WOMEN WITH SOCIETY AND THE SOCIETAL RESPONSIBILITIES IN GUJAR KHAN <p><em>This research paper aims t to evaluate the relationships of society with women who are empowered in spheres of politics, technology, economy, and many other spheres in society. Not only restricted to evaluating women’s relation with society, but the title also signifies to investigate society’s responsibility and role in the process of women empowerment. Mainly, five local areas were selected in Gujar Khan by using the multistage statistical sampling technique. The researcher opted descriptive approach as a methodology. It helped her to elaborate on the already existing literature (Secondary data) and analyze the self-encountered relevant experiences (Primary data) with Women empowerment in Gujar Khan. At the end of a research paper, the researcher tried to shed light on the main research issue of concern and concludes by highlighting the major challenges women face while being empowered.</em></p> Rashina Mehr ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 3 1 32 42 REVIEWING THE SOCIO-CULTURAL CAUSES OF INFANT MORTALITY IN PAKISTAN <p><em>Children includes as an important portion of any society. This study aims to sociologically study numerous factors contributing to infant mortality. This is review article whereby Databases were searched to extract studies related to infant mortality in Pakistan. It is concluded that poverty, lack of health facilities, patriarchal culture, lack of education and awareness are the key causes of infant mortality in Pakistan. </em></p> Qasim Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 3 1 43 51