Journal of Sociology University of Chitral en-US Journal of Sociology 2664-2034 Globalization and COVID-19: a Link from Past and the Future Prospects <p>COVID-19 has affected each and every sphere of life throughout the globe since Dec, 2019. Numerous social researchers and theorists are exploring the socio-economic and psychological aspects of COVID-19. This study aims to find out the link between globalization and rapid spread of COVID-19 across the globe. For this purpose, literature has been studied and relevant studies predicting an outbreak has been cited. In addition, research studies citing various infectious diseases have been cited with regard to spread of such infection. Findings show that numerous studies have predicted an outbreak which would spread fast due to the process of globalization on 20th and 21st century. Globalization is the process speeding up traveling, tourism, migration and trade across the globe. These factors significantly contributes to spread of infection and is evident in case of COVID-19. The spread of COVID-19 has showed that the world is more vulnerable to spread of fatal infection due to globalization.</p> Asif Ali Sumayya Bibi Muhammad Nasir Khan Maria Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-26 2020-07-26 01 1 10 COVID-19 and Social Stigma: A Qualitative Analysis of Stigma Confronted by COVID-19 patients in Charssada, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan <p>COVID<br>19 is a disease which has certain socio economic and cultural dimensions.<br>Like other infectious diseases social stigma is one of the main impacts of the COVID 19<br>disease. This study aims to investigate the social stigma dimension of COVID 19 in<br>Chars sada, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This study is qualitative whereby through<br>purposive sampling a total of 13 COVID 19 affected individuals (who have recovered) were<br>sampled and were interviewed through an interview guide. The information has been<br>transcr ibed and findings are extracted. Findings show that stigma is confronted by COVID<br>19 affected individuals from their family members, community and the health care workers.<br>Stigma is confronted in different shapes such as avoidance, negation, unwanted state ments<br>and misbehavior from healthcare workers. Confronting social stigma have numerous<br>impacts upon individuals including hiding of the disease of other family members to protect<br>them from stigma, mental and relationships issues with family and community.</p> Asif Ali Farhat Shaheen Summaya Bibi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-26 2020-07-26 01 11 21 Impact of Stress on Workforce Interim of Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) in Pakistan <p><strong>Background</strong>: increase in stress among workforce is common phenomenon during emergency days. COVID-19 created a scenario which increased the stress level among health workers in Pakistan. The aim of this study to measure the impact of stress on the workforce due to Corona Virus Disease in Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: Quantitative research and cross-sectional study was done which included a sample size of (N=710) by using convenient sampling from Health workers across the country. A pre-validated questionnaire is used to collect data for the assortment of data from Google Performa via email for results and analysis of the study. The current study used an analysis method ranging from descriptive analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis. The data has been analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version SPSS-20. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong>: The study results show that the stress in the workforce is positively and significantly (P&lt;.05) related to the COVID pandemic.</p> Samia Shams Muhammad Hamza Sumaira Bibi Samrah Shams Arooj Ul Hassan Bisma Jameel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-26 2020-07-26 01 22 31 Social Connectedness and Detachment in COVID-19: a Sociological Insight <p><em>COVID-19 is an ongoing pandemic which has affected the globe socio-economically. It is a pandemic different from the previous pandemics in context of its spread, medical and social aspects. The social aspects of this pandemic are as important as the medical aspect due to global interconnectivity (globalization). This article is an effort to gain a sociological insight to the social connectedness and detachment during COVID-19. The article is a review based whereby journal articles are preferred while reliable web sources are also considered. The discussion shows that social connectedness is affected by COVID-19 in many dimensions such as at micro level as well as macro level. The global interconnectivity has played role in its spread at macro level, and at macro level the connectedness is affected. This include closure of global businesses and trade, tourism, migration and traveling. At micro level individuals and families are affected, for example, isolation, quarantines, avoiding others etc. This have multifaceted impact on micro and macro level including economic, social and mental. Besides, sociological perspectives have been applied in context of COVID-19, social connectedness and social detachment. The discussion concludes that structural functionalism, conflict perspective and symbolic interactionism successfully explains the social connectedness and social detachment in context of COVID-19.</em></p> Tehmeena Mukhtar Rabia Tehreem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-26 2020-07-26 01 32 43 Changing Challenges into Opportunities in Higher Education System during COVID-19 through Digital Education <p>COVID-19 pandemic have significantly disrupted the educational process and systems across the globe. This paper reviews research work on experience with D-learning in developed and developing regions. Additionally, sociological theory and perspective have been applied to the situation. It is suggested through application of sociological theory that challenges can turned into opportunities in context of D-learning.</p> Aamna Mahboob Alam Noor Ul Ain ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-26 2020-07-26 01 44 51