OCCUPATIONAL SHIFT AMONGST FISHERMEN; A CASE STUDY OF FISHING COMMUNITY IN DISTRICT LARKANA
Fishing is considered as one of the primary sources of acquiring food since time immemorial. In general, Aquaculture is a production technology with its origins in Egypt and China which dates back to thousands of years. However, a significant change at global level took place as better control over the production process enabled a number of new technologies and production practices to develop since 1970s. Small-Scale fisheries currently face critical changes, socio economic development, and vulnerability to natural and human disturbance. The paper focuses on the small scale geographically based, single occupation fishing communities of district Larkana. The study was conducted over a period of two months field world through Descriptive research methodology. Due to lack of availability of sampling frame, non-probability-Purposive sampling was used. The method for data collection was in-depth interviews. One of the major reasons behind occupational abandoning amongst fishermen, is lack of Understanding the interdependency between these subsystems, particularly with regard to the socially implication on fishing communities has remained largely ignored. Apart from these, several other sources of pollution such as efflux of municipal wastes and burning effluent are also affecting the river condition exerting a synergistic effect on the process of ecological degradation. The results reflect that the social vulnerability of the fishing community to these pressures potentially diminishes the livelihoods, food security wellbeing and traditional lifestyles of coastal communities and cultures. Small scale fishing communities undergo a constant change, and they adapt with the environmental changes alongside; one of the major implicational is occupational shift. Thus, the findings of the study could be used as a dynamic contribution in devising the policy and suitable action plan of action to combat the impacts of climate change by minimizing the vulnerability of the natural ecology and the fishing community.