Journal of Sociology en-US Thu, 16 Apr 2020 07:34:56 +0000 OJS 60 The Impact of Facebook Usage on the Class Participation of Students at University Level <p><em>Social Media specifically (Facebook) is one of the dominant aspects of media which has been accessible to all kind of people today. Among the subscribers of Facebook students are on the forefront. Various studies have been conducted on the effects of social media while this research study has specifically focused the effects on the class participation of students. The study has been delimited to the social sciences faculty, university of Peshawar which is the major university of the province and has diversity in students. This study is quantitative in nature whereby the researcher has adopted quantitative procedures and techniques used for sampling, data collection and data analysis. All the graduate and post graduate students of social sciences both males and females, who were&nbsp; preferring to stay on Facebook for three or more than three hours in a day were the target population of researcher. In total of 2800 students a sample size of 300 has been selected while the data was collected through questionnaires by simple random sampling method. The primary data has been analysed and inferences has been drawn in the form of percentages and frequency distribution. The theoretical framework has been discussed in the light of user gratification theories having strong relation with the core concept of research study. Findings of the study show that excessive social media usage specifically Facebook have negative impact on the class participation among students such as the concentration and preparation for class. This research study noted that students could not give proper attention to there in activities in class because they remain anxious about their shared items on facebook. This research study recommends that excessive users must have to with draw themselves by limiting social media and Facebook gradually</em>.</p> Basit Ali, Mr, Arab Naz, Dr ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 16 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of Pakhtun Tribal Culture on Socio-Economic Development in Pakistan <p><em>Pakistan is in list of countries with lower rate of development in last few decades. There are numerous reasons for it whereby Tribal System also is a contributive factor. This study aims to know about the Pakhtun Tribal System and its impact on socio-economic development. This study is framed under qualitative research design specifically interview method. A total of 7 individuals involved in teaching in public sector universities and belonging to Pakhtun tribes were sampled purposively. The collected information has been analyzed thematically. Findings show that Pakhtun tribal system is based on certain norms and values which hinders socio-economic development. These include patriarchy, mixing cultural values with beliefs (leading to extremism and violence) and resistance to change in order to preserve cultural norms and values. However, it has also been found that in recent few years the situation is changing. </em></p> Arif Shahbaz Khan, Mr ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 16 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Time Trade-off between Health Clustered and commuting Activities: Empirical Evidence from Urban Cities of Pakistan <p>This study describes that lengthy commute significantly reduces the time devoted to health-related activities. In order to analyze the tradeoffs between commuting time and health related activities, the study extracted data of 4688 individual of working-age living in urban areas from Pakistan Time Use Survey. The study employed seemingly unrelated regression techniques. The empirical results show that the individuals’ commuting time is 109 minutes in a day with median 90 minutes and 53% of the people commute more than median commuting time in Pakistan. The study further exhibits that the urban individuals with 90 minutes daily commuting time have at least 16% less of physical activity time relative to the people who commute 60 minutes per day. The increasing commute is associated with significant reduction in time available to perform health related activities that would contribute to health-related problems in the long run.</p> Ghulam Abbas Ghazi Gajani, Manzoor Ahmed, Faiza Ashraf ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 16 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Push Factors of Illegal Migration to European and Middle East Countries from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan <p>Migration is an important socio-economic process. Immigration is one of its types and illegal immigration is one the key concerns. This study aims to find out numerous push factors of illegal immigration from Timergara, Khyber Pakhtunhwa, Pakistan. This study is qualitative and as per study design purposive sampling has been done. The data has been collected through an interview guide whereas analysed qualitatively. Findings of the study reveals that the push factors of illegal immigration from the study area to Middle East and Europe are the same as cited in the literature for legal and other types of migration, for example, including low income and poverty, dissatisfaction from life, lack of economic and job opportunities, expecting better future etc.</p> Kinan Pasha, Mr., Ibrash Pasha, Mr, Jamil Khan, Mr ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 16 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000