Time Trade-off between Health Clustered and commuting Activities: Empirical Evidence from Urban Cities of Pakistan
This study describes that lengthy commute significantly reduces the time devoted to health-related activities. In order to analyze the tradeoffs between commuting time and health related activities, the study extracted data of 4688 individual of working-age living in urban areas from Pakistan Time Use Survey. The study employed seemingly unrelated regression techniques. The empirical results show that the individuals’ commuting time is 109 minutes in a day with median 90 minutes and 53% of the people commute more than median commuting time in Pakistan. The study further exhibits that the urban individuals with 90 minutes daily commuting time have at least 16% less of physical activity time relative to the people who commute 60 minutes per day. The increasing commute is associated with significant reduction in time available to perform health related activities that would contribute to health-related problems in the long run.